quarta-feira, 26 de setembro de 2012
quarta-feira, 19 de setembro de 2012
sábado, 15 de setembro de 2012
Eis o túmulo de Sennefer em Cheikh Abd el-Gurna (TT 96), decorado na sua antecâmara com grandes vinhas em latada de onde pendem abundantes cachos de uvas. Os troncos das vides partem da base das paredes e sobem por elas cobrindo o tecto, numa provável homenagem ao deus Osíris, considerado também como o «senhor do vinho» e símbolo de ressurreição. Visitámo-lo na Páscoa de 2010.
Fontes: Dicionário do Antigo Egipto (texto) e
quinta-feira, 6 de setembro de 2012
«A magnificent Egyptian painting, which is about 3300 years old, depicting an Egyptian woman dancer, performing a backbend, commonly found in performances of contortion, gymnastics and dances. The backbend, which requires intense training, shows the superior professionalism, talents and high skills of the dancer.
The dancing woman, wearing a typical black dance costume and gold hoop earrings, is perfectly at ease while bending, and in total control and balance. Her curly, wavy hair is left loose, and is flowing in a natural pattern in harmony with her dance movement. But her earrings are pointed upwards, defying gravitational force, and seems a bit odd in an otherwise perfect composition of art. It is hard to believe that the artist who painted this picture is aware of the effect of gravity on her hair which is lightweight, but he ignored it in the case of the comparatively heavier earrings.
However, the admirable bala...nce of colors and high standards of artistry seen in this painting requires very high levels of expertise. Like several other Ostraka art pieces, this painting is also from the ancient Egyptian village of Deir el-Medina, home to the artisans who worked on the tombs of the Valley of the Kings in Thebes where the Pharaohs of the 18th to 20th Dynasties of the New Kingdom period (1550 BC to 1080 BC) were buried.
The artwork is painted on ostracon, singular of ostraca, which refer to pieces of pottery and fragments of limestone. Because Papyrus was expensive, ostracon was extensively used in ancient Egypt because of its durability, cheap or free availability and ease of working on it. It was the most preferred medium for not only drawing and painting, but also everyday writing, such as letters, documents, receipts, stories, prescriptions, etc.
The art piece in this picture survived in an impeccable condition despite several centuries of neglect until it was collected by Bernardino Drovetti (1776-1852), Consul General of France in Egypt. Possibly the work would not have survived so long, if it was created on any other media, other than ostraca.
Though Drovetti collected Egyptian art and antiquities in the name of France, he built up a huge personal collection for himself. In 1824, King Charles Felix (Carlo Felice Giuseppe Maria) acquired much of his personal collection consisting of 5,268 pieces, which later formed the foundation for the Museo Egizio in Turin, the second largest Egyptology museum after Cairo.»
(via Francisco Filipe Cruz, in Facebook)
Todos os que quiserem ou estiverem com vontade de saber mais sobre os túmulos no Antigo Egito são gratificados com uma lista imensa de sepulturas de todos os géneros e feitios, desde as grandiosas pirâmides de Guiza às recônditas sepulturas dos artífices de Deir-el-Medina.
Não só tem uma lista bastante vasta, como cada túmulo apresentado contém descrições pormenorizadas da sua planta arquitectónica, da sua decoração, das suas inscrições, dos seus conteúdos, das circunstâncias da sua descoberta. Sem contar com as descrições de numerosos outros monumentos, além de diversos artigos e referências a questões religiosas e quotidianas, assim como novidades do mundo da Egiptologia. E para completar o ramalhete, existem versões 3D, versões virtuais de algumas plantas tumulares. Só não sei se podem ver nos vossos computadores essas versões tridimensionais. Eu não consegui...
segunda-feira, 3 de setembro de 2012
Fatima Nabil wore a cream-coloured headscarf as she read a news bulletin.
Under the regime of ex-President Hosni Mubarak there was an unofficial ban on women presenters covering their hair.
But the new Muslim Brotherhood-led government has introduced new rules, saying that nearly 70% of Egyptian women wear the headscarf.[...]» (in BBC News)